Articles

GDPR: Embedding privacy is not an empty word

GDPR: Embedding privacy is not an empty word

GDPR: Embedding privacy is not an empty word

29.04.2016

The GDPR requires personal data processing entities to implement appropriate technical and organisational measures at the time when the means for processing are determined and at the time of the actual processing.

Privacy becomes a core part of every business from the very beginning and throughout the data processing cycle.

In this regard, the GDPR expressly requires compliance with two types of principles: data protection by design and data protection by default.

The former type means incorporating privacy into the architecture of the products (manufacturing/production) and service processes (offering, after-sales, maintenance, etc.) by, for example, minimizing the processing of personal data from the beginning to the end of a process. For instance, if the purpose for application developers can be achieved using aggregated data, accessing raw data should be avoided. It also means that organizations should ensure that the relevant expertise is available at the earliest possible stage, and not only later on to resolve any privacy issues that have arisen.

The latter type of principle means that organizations must implement mechanisms to ensure that, by default, only the minimum and necessary personal data for each specific purpose is processed, and the data are not disclosed more than necessary.

For instance, default settings of social media applications should ask users to review, edit, and decide on information generated by their device before they are published on social media platforms, while information that has been published should, by default, not become public or be indexed by search engines.

How these principles will be enforced is not clear yet. However, it is clear that the DPAs will require from the organizations concerned that they provide records and documentation demonstrating their compliance therewith, subject to penalty.

Organizations are indeed encouraged to certify their data processing with a supervisory authority or an approved certification body. A certificate of a data processing, once granted, is valid for up to 3 years (renewable) and is recorded in a public register so that data subjects can quickly assess the level of data protection provided by these organizations. More details on this will follow before the GDPR enters into force.

To read more about this series of articles (and the articles that were published previously), please click here.

 

Team

Related news

22.07.2021 NL law
Towards a European legal framework for the development and use of Artificial Intelligence

Short Reads - Back in 2014, Stephen Hawking said, “The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race.” Although the use of artificial intelligence is nothing new and dates back to Alan Turing (the godfather of computational theory), prominent researchers – along with Stephen Hawking – have expressed their concerns about the unregulated use of AI systems and their impact on society as we know it.

Read more

19.07.2021 BE law
One year of Schrems II: a state of affairs for international data transfers

Articles - International data transfers have been the subject of intense debates ever since the Court of Justice issued its landmark judgement of Schrems I, on 6 October 2015. The intensity of the debate was further reinforced since the Schrems II decision one year ago, on 16 July 2020. The decision annulled the U.S. Privacy Shield and severely tightened the rules on the use of standard contractual clauses (“SCCs”).

Read more

18.05.2021 NL law
Kroniek: De bestuursrechtelijke aspecten van de AVG

Articles - Tom Barkhuysen, Steven Bastiaans en Fatma Çapkurt (Universiteit Leiden) schreven samen de eerste editie van de nieuwe jaarlijkse NTB kroniek: de bestuursrechtelijke aspecten van de AVG. Hierin bespreken zij onder meer de meest relevante (bestuursrechtelijke) jurisprudentie van het afgelopen jaar op het gebied van de AVG.

Read more

18.06.2021 NL law
FAQ: Wat houdt het Wetsvoorstel elektronische gegevensuitwisseling in de zorg (Wegiz) in en wat is de verhouding tot de AVG?

Short Reads - (Digitale) gegevensuitwisseling in de zorg is een actueel thema. Illustratief is een item bij EenVandaag van april 2021 waarin de analoge werkwijze bij gegevensuitwisseling in de zorg wordt aangekaart, maar ook dit artikel in het NRC van afgelopen maand waarin verslag werd gedaan van een datalek waardoor duizenden gevoelige patiëntgegevens op straat kwamen te liggen. 

Read more

04.05.2021 NL law
Participatie en privacyregels: hoe te combineren onder de Omgevingswet?

Short Reads - In het stelsel van de Omgevingswet (Ow) is een belangrijke rol bedacht voor participatie bij de totstandkoming van besluiten. Het beoogde resultaat: tijdig belangen, meningen en creativiteit op tafel krijgen en daarmee een groter draagvlak en kwalitatief betere besluitvorming bereiken. Door een grotere betrokkenheid van meer personen gaan overheden en initiatiefnemers ook meer persoonsgegevens verwerken. Dit brengt privacyrisico’s met zich mee. Wat regelt de Ow op het gebied van privacy, de verwerking van persoonsgegevens en datagebruik?

Read more