Articles

General Court annulled Commission's EUR 790 million fining decision in Air Cargo case

General Court annulled Commission's EUR 790 million fining decision in Air Cargo case

General Court annulled Commission's EUR 790 million fining decision in Air Cargo case

05.01.2016 NL law

On 16 December 2015, the General Court ("GC") annulled the Commission's fining decision holding 21 carriers liable for an infringement on the Air Cargo market. The GC found that the grounds of the decision were inconsistent with the operative part and the grounds moreover contained substantial internal inconsistencies. 

The inconsistencies were liable to infringe the defence rights of the carriers and prevented the GC from exercising its power of review. As a result, the decision in which fines amounted to approximately EUR 790 million was overturned.

On 9 November 2010, the Commission adopted a decision in which the grounds refer to one single and continuous infringement of EU competition rules by all 21 addressees. The operative part of the decision, however, describes four infringements relating to different periods, routes and varying groups of carriers. The division of the operative part in four infringements was based on the changed scope of the Commission's competence over the years: at the start of the alleged infringement the Commission was only competent to apply European competition law to routes between airports in the EEA. In later years,  the scope of its powers had increased. All but one carrier appealed the Commission's decision.

The GC considered that, in principle, as regards the scope and nature of the infringement, what is important is the operative part and not the statement of reasons. Therefore, the operative part of a decision must be particularly clear and precise to safeguard the rights of defence as enshrined in Article 47 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Furthermore, an unambiguous and clear wording is important for national courts to draw the necessary inferences as regards civil claims for damages. 

According to the GC, the operative part was not sufficiently clear because no possible interpretation could be consistent with the grounds of the decision. Specifically, it was not clear from the decision why certain carriers were omitted from certain articles in the operative part. In addition, the grounds of the decision themselves suffered from significant internal inconsistencies.

The GC decided that as a result of these inconsistencies, the carriers were not in a position to understand the nature and scope of the alleged infringement. Therefore, their rights of defence were infringed and the GC was precluded from exercising its power of review. As a consequence, the GC annulled the decision in its entirety in relation to the carriers that had asked for full annulment. 

The Commission may appeal the judgment before the Court of Justice, choose to adopt a new fining decision, or do both.

This article was published in the Competition Law Newsletter of January 2016. Other articles in this newsletter:

Team

Related news

20.06.2018 NL law
Op weg naar één Europese spoorwegruimte: de aanpassing van de Nederlandse wetgeving aan het Europese recht

Articles - Het zogenaamde 'Vierde Spoorwegpakket' zal belangrijke gevolgen hebben voor de Europese spoorwegruimte. De Nederlandse regering maakt goede vaart met de aanpassing van het nationale recht aan de eisen die uit het Vierde Spoorwegpakket voortvloeien. Inmiddels is een daartoe strekkend wetsvoorstel aanhangig bij de Tweede Kamer. De vaste commissie voor Infrastructuur en Waterstaat heeft eind vorige maand het verslag van haar bevindingen ten aanzien van het wetsvoorstel uitgebracht.

Read more

01.06.2018 EU law
European Court of Justice rules EY did not violate stand-still obligation in Danish merger

Short Reads - On 31 May 2018, the European Court of Justice ruled that Ernst & Young (EY) did not illegally implement the acquisition of KPMG Denmark (KPMG DK) before obtaining antitrust clearance.  Following the announcement of the transaction, KPMG DK terminated a cooperation agreement. According to the Court, that act cannot be regarded as a violation of the stand-still obligation since it did not contribute to the change of control of the target undertaking.

Read more

01.06.2018 EU law
District Court of Amsterdam declines jurisdiction in competition law damages case

Short Reads - On 9 May 2018, the District Court of Amsterdam declined to accept jurisdiction over Athenian Brewery (AB), a Greek subsidiary of Heineken, in a civil case brought by competitor Macedonian Thrace Brewery (MTB). In the same judgment, the Amsterdam District Court did accept jurisdiction over the alleged claim brought by MTB against Heineken N.V. (Heineken), for the reason that Heineken is based in Amsterdam. The case against Heineken will therefore continue to the next procedural phase, in which the parties will debate the merits of MTB’s alleged claim against Heineken.

Read more

Our website uses cookies: third party analytics cookies to best adapt our website to your needs & cookies to enable social media functionalities. For more information on the use of cookies, please check our Privacy and Cookie Policy. Please note that you can change your cookie opt-ins at any time via your browser settings.

Privacy – en cookieverklaring